Ruling for Those Who Abandon the Prayer

Time, Place, and Condition Where Our Du’a will be Answered (part 3 from 4)

All praises be to Allah, peace and blessing always be upon Allah’s apostle, his companions, and anyone who follows his guidance until the Last Day,

Below is the next part of my writing about Time, Place, and Condition Where Our Du’a will be Answered. May Allah The Glorified and Exalted makes the writing of this article sincerely to attain His please, and useful for others. Amin, O Allah.

Time, Place, and Condition Where Our Du’a will be Answered

  1. Supplicating after praising Allah and reciting salawat for the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- on the last of tashahhud

From Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud -may Allah be pleased with him-, he said,

كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي وَالنَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ، وَعُمَرُ مَعَهُ، فَلَمَّا جَلَسْتُ بَدَأْتُ بِالثَّنَاءِ عَلَى اللَّهِ، ثُمَّ الصَّلَاةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، ثُمَّ دَعَوْتُ لِنَفْسِي، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «سَلْ تُعْطَهْ، سَلْ تُعْطَهْ»

“”At a time, I was praying while the Prophet – peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-, Abu Bakr, and Umar were with me. When I sat, I began with praising Allah and reciting shalawat upon the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-, then I recited du’a for myself; then the Prophet – peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “Ask! You’ll be given! You’ll be given.” (Narrated by Tirmidhi, he said, “Hasan shahih” (good and/or valid). Also by Nisa’i and Ahmad, and classed valid by Sheikh al Albani).

Fudhalah narrated that the Messenger of Allah – peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-  once heard a man performed prayer, he glorified Allah, praised Him, and recited shalawat upon the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- ; thus the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

ادْعُ تُجَبْ، وَسَلْ تُعْطَ

“Make du’a, you’ll be answered, and ask, you’ll be given.” (Narrated by Nisa’i and classed valid by Sheikh al Albani).

  1. Upon supplicating preceded by the greatest names of Allah (Ismulllahil a’zham), which, if a person make du’a using it, the du’a will be answered and if he asks using it, he’ll be given.

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلّى الله عليه وسلم جَالِسًا وَرَجُلٌ يُصَلِّي، ثُمَّ دَعَا: اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِأَنَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ الْمَنَّانُ، بَدِيعُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ، يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ، يَا حَيُّ يَا قَيُّومُ، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «لَقَدْ دَعَا اللَّهَ بِاسْمِهِ الْعَظِيمِ، الَّذِي إِذَا دُعِيَ بِهِ أَجَابَ، وَإِذَا سُئِلَ بِهِ أَعْطَى»

From the authority of Anas, (he said) that he was sitting with the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-, whereas at that time, a man was praying, then he supplicated, “O Allah, indeed, I ask from You, because to You all praises belong, there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except You. You are The Bestower, You created the skies and earth. O The Possessor of greatness and nobleness, O The Ever Living, the Self subsisting by Whom all subsist.” Thus the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “Indeed, he has supplicated with the greatest names of Allah (ismullahil a’zham), which, if person makes du’a with it, He will answer it, and if asks using it, He’ll give him.” (Narrated by Abu Daud, Tirmidhi, Ahmad, Hakim, and classed valid by Sheikh al Albani)

  1. Du’a of a muslim for the sake of his muslims brother

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- also said,

« دَعْوَةُ الْمَرْءِ الْمُسْلِمِ لأَخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ مُسْتَجَابَةٌ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ مَلَكٌ مُوَكَّلٌ كُلَّمَا دَعَا لأَخِيهِ بِخَيْرٍ قَالَ الْمَلَكُ الْمُوَكَّلُ بِهِ آمِينَ وَلَكَ بِمِثْلٍ » .

“”Du’a of a muslim for the sake of his muslim brother who are not with him will be answered. There is an angel near him that is sent to him. Every time he prayed for the sake of his brother, the angel that is sent to him will say, “Amin (meaning: Grant it, O Allah),” and you’ll get the similar.” (Narrated by Muslim).

  1. Supplicating on the Day of Arafa, at Arafa

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, ,

خَيْرُ الدُّعَاءِ دُعَاءُ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ، وَخَيْرُ مَا قُلْتُ أَنَا وَالنَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ قَبْلِي: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ المُلْكُ وَلَهُ الحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“”The best du’a is du’a on the day of Arafa, and the best of what I and the prophets before me said is, “There is no deity that has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the kingdom and the praise belong to Him, and He is The Most Powerful over everything.” (Narrated by Tirmidhi and Malik, and classed good by Sheikh al Albani)

  1. Supplication recited on the month of Ramadan

The Messenger of Allah – peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

إِذَا كَانَ رَمَضَانُ فُتِّحَتْ أَبْوَابُ الرَّحْمَةِ، وَغُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ جَهَنَّمَ، وَسُلْسِلَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ

“When Ramadhan comes, the gates of mercy will be opened, and the gates of Hell woll be closed, and satan will be chained.” (Narrated by Muslim).

  1. When the Muslims gather in Dhikr

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيْقاً يَلْتَمِسُ فِيْهِ عِلْماً سَهَّلَ اللهُ بِهِ طَرِيْقاً إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ، وَمَا اجْتَمَعَ قَوْمٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوْتِ اللهِ يَتْلُوْنَ كِتَابَ اللهِ وَيَتَدَارَسُوْنَهُ بَيْنَهُمْ إِلاَّ نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ السَّكِيْنَةُ وَغَشِيَتْهُمُ الرَّحْمَةُ، وَحَفَّتْهُمُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ، وَذَكَرَهُمُ اللهُ فِيْمَنْ عِنْدَهُ، وَمَنْ بَطَأَ فِي عَمَلِهِ لَمْ يُسْرِعْ بِهِ نَسَبُهُ .

“Those who are on the way to get or pursue ilm (knowledge in islam), Allah will then make his way (road) easier to the paradise. If there is a group of people gather in the house of Allah (mosque), and they read the books of Allah and they learn about it altogether, the tranquility will be revelated to them and blessing will be poured upon them, and the angels will surround them, while Allah will mention them in front of His creation beside Him. Those who are slow in performing deed, will not be able to speed up his nasab. (Narrated by Muslim)

  1. Upon supplicating after being afflicted with a calamity, that is, after reciting the sentence of “innaa lillahi wa innaa ilaihi raaji’uun.

Umm Salamah said,

I heard the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

” مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ تُصِيبُهُ مُصِيبَةٌ، فَيَقُولُ مَا أَمَرَهُ اللهُ: {إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ} [البقرة: 156] ، اللهُمَّ أْجُرْنِي فِي مُصِيبَتِي، وَأَخْلِفْ لِي خَيْرًا مِنْهَا، إِلَّا أَخْلَفَ اللهُ لَهُ خَيْرًا مِنْهَا “، قَالَتْ: فَلَمَّا مَاتَ أَبُو سَلَمَةَ، قُلْتُ: أَيُّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ؟ أَوَّلُ بَيْتٍ هَاجَرَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، ثُمَّ إِنِّي قُلْتُهَا، فَأَخْلَفَ اللهُ لِي رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

“None of a muslim being afflicted with a calamity, and he recites what Allah orders him to, which is, “Innaa lillahi…to its end” (Meaning: Verily, we belong to Allan and to Him will we return. O Allah, please reward me upon my calamity, and replace it with the better).

Umm Salamah said, “Thus, when Abu Salamah died, I said, “Who’s a muslim that is better than Abu Salamah? The first family that emigrated to the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-? Then I recited these sentences, and it turned out that Allah replaced Abu Salamah with the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-.” (Narrated by Muslim)

  1. Supplicating at the time Our Hearts is Leaning towards Allah and in sincerity

The supporting indication is the story of three men who were trapped inside a cave due to a big rock that fell and blocked its entrance.

  1. Du’a of An Oppressed Person against his oppressor

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, :

وَاتَّقِ دَعْوَةَ الْمَظْلُومِ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ حِجَابٌ

“And beware of the du’a of the oppressed one, because nothing stands between his du’a and Allah.” (Narrated by Bukhari)

  1. Du’a of Parents for the sake of their Children

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

ثَلَاثُ دَعَوَاتٍ مُسْتَجَابَاتٌ لَا شَكَّ فِيهِنَّ: دَعْوَةُ المَظْلُومِ، وَدَعْوَةُ المُسَافِرِ، وَدَعْوَةُ الوَالِدِ عَلَى وَلَدِه

“Three du’a that undoubtedly will be answered; du’a of an oppressed person, du’a of a traveler, and du’a of a parent for the sake of his children.” (Narrated by Tirmidhi, Abu Daud, Ibn Maja, and classed good by Sheikh al Albani).

  1. Du’a of A Traveler

The indication is as mentioned in the previous hadith.

  1. Du’a of a fasting man until he breaks his fast

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا تُرَدُّ دَعْوَتُهُمْ: الصَّائِمُ حَتَّى يُفْطِرَ، وَالإِمَامُ العَادِلُ، وَدَعْوَةُ المَظْلُومِ يَرْفَعُهَا اللَّهُ فَوْقَ الغَمَامِ وَيَفْتَحُ لَهَا أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ وَيَقُولُ الرَّبُّ: وَعِزَّتِي لَأَنْصُرَنَّكِ وَلَوْ بَعْدَ حِينٍ

“Three du’a that wont be rejected; Du’a of a fasting man until he breaks his fast, du’a of a  fair imam, and of an oppressed person. Allah will uplift du’a of an oppressed person over the clouds, and He’ll open the doors of the skies for it. Allah declared, “By My Mightiness, I will help you although after a long time has passed.” (Narrated by Tirmidhi, Ibn Maja, al Baghawi, and classed valid by Sheikh al Albani).

  1. Supplication of a Fasting Man upon Breaking his fasting

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-said, ,

إِنَّ لِلصَّائِمِ عِنْدَ فِطْرِهِ لَدَعْوَةً مَا تُرَدُّ

“Indeed, a fasting person has a prayer that wont be rejected at the time of ifthar (breaking of fast).” (Narrated by Ibn Maja, and classed as good by Al Hafizh Ibn Hajar

in his study over the book “Al Adzkar 4/342)

  1. Du’a of A Tightly Cornered Person

It is based on Allah’s verse, “Who is it Who heeds the prayers of the distressed when he calls out to Him and Who removes his affliction?” (QS. An Naml/The Ant: 62)

Other supporting indication of this point is a hadith about three men who were trapped inside a cave that was blocked by a large stone, from which they couldn’t escape, then each of them made du’a with mentioning his righteous deed, as narrated in Shahih Bukhari and Muslim.

  1. Du’a of A Fair Leader

The indication is as mentioned in point no. 27

  1. Du’a of a Person who is devoted to His Parents

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

إِذَا مَاتَ الإِنْسَانُ انْقَطَعَ عَنْهُ عَمَلُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ ثَلاَثَةٍ إِلاَّ مِنْ صَدَقَةٍ جَارِيَةٍ أَوْ عِلْمٍ يُنْتَفَعُ بِهِ أَوْ وَلَدٍ صَالِحٍ يَدْعُو لَهُ

“”If the children of Adam dies, all of his deeds will be stopped except for three things; the continuing alms, useful knowledge for others, or a righteous children who prays for the sake of his parents.” (Narrated by Muslim from Abu Huraira).

To be continued…

Author: Marwan bin Musa

References: Ad Du’aa minal Kitaab was Sunnah (Dr. Sa’id bin Ali Al Qahthaniy), Syuruthud Du’aa (Dr.  Sa’id bin Ali Al Qahthaniy), Al Maktabatusy Syaamilah version 3.35 and 3.45 , etc.


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