Allah. Who is Allah? If you were asked: Who is your Lord?
Then answer: My Lord is Allah, the Essence which guides me and guides the whole universe with His Bounty. He is my deity, and I have no Lord but Him. The argument is in accordance with the words of Allah The Exalted, which means, “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe.” (Surah Al-Fatihah: 2)
Everything except Allah is the universe, and I am one of that universe.
If you were asked: How do you get to recognize your Lord?
Then reply: By his ayah/signs (His Creatures which move) and his Creatures which do not move. Among His signs is the existence of the day, the night, the sun, and the moon. Some of His creation is the seven skies, the 7-layer earth and everything in it, and everything between it.
The argument is based on the words of Allah The Exalted, which means, “And from among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate yourselves not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate yourselves to Allâh Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.” (Surah Al-Fussilat: 37)
Allah also says, which means, “Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then He rose over (Istawa) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin(mankind, jinn and all that exists)!” (Surah: Al-A’raf: 54)
Ar-Rabb is Al-Ma’bud (Something that has a right to be worshipped). The argument is based on the saying of Allah The Exalted, which means, “O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious). Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped).” (Surah: Al-Baqarah: 21-22)
Ibn Kathir rahimahullah said, “Those who have right to be worshipped is the Creator of this universe.”
Types of Worship
Various types of worship that Allah has ordained are as follows: islam, faith (iman), and ihsan (perfection). Some Allah’s commands are to pray, khauf (fear), raja’ (hope), tawakal, raghbah (pleading), rahbah (fear), khusyu, khasy-yah (fear), inabah (repentance accompanied by good deeds), isti’anah (request help), isti’adhah (begging protection), istighathah (request for help), slaughter, nadhar (vow), and any other types of worship that Allah has ordained. All of them belong to Allah The Exalted.
The argument is based on the saying of Allah the Exalted, which means, “Verily, the mosques are for Allah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah.” (Surah Al-Jinn: 18)
Whoever gives one type of worships toward others besides Allah then they are treated as non-believers. The argument is based on the word of Allah, which means, “And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allah, any other Lords of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely!the disbelievers in Allah and in the Oneness of Allah will not be successful.” (Surah Al-Mukminun: 117)
In one hadith it is said, “Prayer is the marrow of worship.”
The argument is the word of Allah The Exaltedm which means, “And your Lord said, ‘Invoke Me, (i.e. believe in My Oneness and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship (i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness [Islamic Monotheism]) they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Surah Ghafir: 60)
The argument that says khauf is one type of worship of is mentioned in the word of Allah, which means, “So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.” (Surah Al-Imran: 175)
And the argument that raja’ is considered as one type of worship is the word of Allah, which means, “Whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” (Surah Al-Kahfi: 110)
The argument that tawakal (put trust in Allah) is one type of worship is the word of Allah, which means, “And put your trust in Allah if you are believers indeed.” (Surah Al-Maidah: 23)
Also the word of Allah, “Whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him.” (Surah At-Talaq: 3)
The argument that says raghbah, rahbah, and khushu’ (being humble) are included as kinds of worship as being mentioned in the word of Allah, which means, “They used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us.” (Surah Al-Anbiya’: 90)
The argument that khashyah is one of the worship is based on the word of Allah, which means, “So fear them not, but fear Me!” (Surah Al-Baqarah: 150)
The argument that says inabah is included as a worship is the word of Allah, which means, “Come back to your Lord and submit yourself to Him.” (Surah Az-Zumar: 54)
The argument that isti’anah is one type of worship is in the saying of Allah, which means, “You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).” (Surah Al-Fatihah: 5)
Also in the hadith it is mentioned that, “…If you are gonna ask help then ask assistance only to Allah.”
The argument that isti’adha is one kind of worship is the word of Allah, which means, “Say, ‘I seek refuge with (Allah), the Lord of the daybreak.’” (Surah Al-Falaq: 1)
Also the word of Allah, which means, “Say, ‘I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind.’” (Surah An-Naas: 1)
In the argument that istighathah is one way to worship is based on the saying of Allah, which means, “(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you…” (Surah Al-Anfal: 9)
The argument that says slaughtering is one way to worship is based on the word of Allah, which means, “Say (O Muhammad)! ‘Truly, my Lord has guided me to a Straight Path, a right religion, the religion of Ibrahim, which believe in One God, and Ibrahim was not of Al-Mushrikun (those who perform shirk).’ Say (O Muhammad)! ‘Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the universe (mankind, jinn and all that exists). He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.’” (Surah Al-An’am: 161-163)
In one hadith, it is mentioned that, “Allah has cursed people who slaughter for others but Allah.”
The argument that nadhar (vow) is one way to worship is based on the word of Allah, which means, They (are those who) fulfil (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading.” (Surah Al-Insan: 7)
by Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Sulaiman
Keyword: Allah, Who is Allah