Biography of Muslim Scholar – Abu Hanifa (80-150 H)

Biography of Muslim Scholar – Abu Hanifa (80-150 H)

He is An Nu’man Ibn Tsabit Ibn Zuthi At-Taimi Al-Kufi. He was originally from Persia. He was born on year 80 H, and he had a chance to live in a similar period with several companions of the Prophet, four of them to be exact: Anas Ibn Malik, Abdullah Ibn Abi Aufa, Sahl Ibn Sa’ad As-Sa’idi, and Amr Ibn Watsilah -may Allah be pleased with them-. Some said that he didn’t get a chance to meet any of the companions, but others said that he did meet Anas Ibn Malik -may Allah be pleased with him-, and he learned from him the hadith “studying is compulsory for every muslim”. If the news that he ever met Anas was true, then he was one of the tabeen.
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Biography of the companion of Prophet Muhammad : Ibn Mas’ud

Biography of the companion of Prophet Muhammad : Ibn Mas‘ud

His full name is Abdullah bin Mas’ud bin Ghafil Al-Hudzali. His nickname is Abu Abdurrahman. He often attributed to his mother, since his father died during the time of ignorance, whereas his mother was able to live until the light of Islam shone and she embraced Islam. That is why she was often dubbed “Umm Abd” (mother of Abd), while Ibn Mas’ud was dubbed “Ibn Ummi Abd” (son of Ummu Abd). He was one of the earliest group that embraced Islam at the dawn of its calling, and emigrated twice -to Habasya and Medina-. He also joined the battle of Badr and he was the one that killed Abu Jahl in that battle.

The Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- once said about him, at the dawn of the calling to Islam, “You are a knowledgeable youth.” (Narrated by Ahmad, no. 3599; classed valid by Shuhaib Al Arnauth). The Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- also said about Ibn Mas’ud, “Whoever wants to recite the Qur’an the way it is originally revealed, then he should recite it as the way of Ibn Ummi Abd recite (Ibn Mas’ud).” (Narrated by Ahmad no. 35; classed valid by Shuhaib Al Arnauth).
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Biography of Muslim Scholars – Al Auza’i (88–157 H)

Biography of Muslim Scholars – Al Auza’i (88–157 H)

His name is Abdurrahman Ibn Amr Ibn Yahya Al-Auza’i. He was known as Al Auza’i, the name attributed to the area of Al Auza’, one of the region in Damascus. He was born on year 88 H and he passed his childhood as an orphan. But since his early age, he always tried to be a better person. As other scholars, he journeyed to Yamama and Basra to seek for knowledge.

Teachers and Students of Al Auza’i

He learned hadith from Atha’ Ibn Abi Rabah, Qasim Ibn Makhimarah, Syaddad Ibn Abu Ammar, Rabi’ah Ibn Yazid, Az-Zuhri, Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim At-Taimi, Yahya Ibn Abi Katsir, and several other grand scholars from the tabeen generation. It is said that he also got a chance to learn hadith from Muhammad Ibn Sirin when Muhammad was sick.

Whereas among the list of scholars that were his students ; Syu’bah, Ibn Mubarak, Walid Ibn Muslim, Al-Haql Ibn Ziyad, Yahya bin Hamzah, Yahya Al-Qaththan, Muhammad Ibn Yusuf, Al-Faryabi, Abu Al-Mughirah, and several other scholars.

Praises for Al Auza’i

During his lifetime, Imam Al Auza’i was more busied by activities of enjoining people to goodness and teaching knowledges. Abu Zur’ah said, “His works were writing and creating monograph. His monographs are very touching.”

Walid Ibn Mazid said, “I’ve never seen him laugh out loud. When he delivered a lesson about the Hereafter, it was hard to encounter a heart that didn’t cry.” He also said, “I’ve never seen a man who is more diligent in worship than Al Auza’i.”

Al Haql said, “Al Auza’i had answered and explained about 70.000 problems.” Whereas Al Kharibi said, “Al Auza’i was the best man of his time. He deserved to be a caliph.” Bisyr Ibn Mundzir said, “I saw Al Auza’i as if he was a blind man, due to his devotion (in worship, -ed).” It is said that he enlivened his night by performing prayer and reciting the Qur’an, crying.

Advices of Al Auza’i

There are some advices that Al Auza’i ever delivered, including:

  • He ever said to Walid Ibn Mazid, “If Allah wants evil for some people, Allah will open the door of ‘argumentation (fond of debate)’ (for them, -ed) and Allah will make it hard for them to perform righteous deed.”
  • He also explained about the creed of ahl sunnah, as storied by Muhammad Ibn Katsir Al Mashishi, that he heard Al Auza’i said, “We and the tabeen, all of us, believe that Allah is on His Great Throne, and we believe every information about Allah that is revealed in sunnah.”
  • He advised people to always hold fast to the saying of the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-. As narrated by Amir Ibn Yasaf, that he heard Al Auza’i said, “If you heard a hadith from the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-, don’t take anyone else’s opinion, because he was the messenger of Allah.”
  • He also advised, “No one does an innovation but his cautiousness (wara’) will be deprived from him.”
  • From Abu Ishaq Al Fazari, he said that Al Auza’i ever advised people, “There are five things that the companions and the tabeen were holding onto: hold fast to the congregation (the government), follow the sunnah, prosper the mosque (praying diligently in congregation), read the Qur’an, and join the holy war (jihad).”
  • Ibn Syabur said that Al Auza’i once advised people, “Whoever tries to find strange opinions that deviated from the scholars’ way, surely he will come out of Islam.”
  • Walid Ibn Mazid told that A Auza’i said, “Woe to those who study the science to issues other than worship and those who try to justify forbidden things by using doubtful (opinions, -ed).”
  • He also advised people with a beautiful and quite famous saying, as narrated by Walid Ibn Mazid; he heard that Al Auza’i said,

عَلَيكَ بِآثَارِ مَن سَلَفَ وَإِن رَفَضَكَ النّاسُ وَإِيّاكَ ورَأيَ الرِّجَال

وَإِن زَخْرَفُوهُ بِالقَولِ فَإِنَّ الأَمرَ يَنجَلِي وَأَنتَ عَلَى طَرِيقٍ مُستَقِيم

“Hold fast to the atsar (narration) of the scholars of predecessors, although people might reject you.
Do not follow the thought of men, although they adorned their words.
Indeed, all matters will be seen while you are on the straight path.”

The death of Al Auza’i

He was highly respected by the caliph Al Manshur. The caliph paid close attention to Al Auza’i’s advices, to the extent that he offered him to be a judge, but he refused the offer. At the end of his life, he departed to Beirut and performed the duty of ribath (guarding the frontier) and he died there. The only inheritance he left were six dinars, and it was what left from the money he spent on charity. May Allah have mercy on Imam Al Auza’i. (References: ” Tadzkirah Al-Huffazh”, Adz Dzahabi, Al-Maktabah Asy-Syamilah, serial number 177)

The Blinding Sparkle of the Swords

The Blinding Sparkle of the Swords

Dear readers, may Allah the Glorified and Exalted always bestow His mercy upon us all. One of the portrait of reality that was engraved in the history of Islam, is a monumental event that will never be forgotten by those who claimed themselves as true muslims. It is an event that depicted the clash between the two opposite sides; between the truth and evil, between decent men and vile ones, the nobles against the despicable ones. The muslims who loved peace, against the infidels who were fond of chaos. A heartbreaking tragedy which contained important and valuable lesson for a true Muslim, about the advice and orders (sunnah) of the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-. A bloody incidents of gunfire between the Muslims against the idolaters of Quraysh which occurred in the month of Shawwal, third year after the Hijra. The event was known as the battle of Uhud. Below is the summary of its story:
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Is it allowed to Counter Magic with Another Magic?

Is it allowed to Counter Magic with Another Magic?

Question:

Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu. Hayyakumullahu O ustadz!

My little sister is afflicted with a disease caused by magic (witchcraft), and she had been treated with ruqyah according to shari’a, but Allah has not yet granted her recovery, and now it is the second year of it already. Some said that: The knot must be taken, whereas it could only be taken by a kyai (religious leader) or a shaman.

Question: Are we allowed to do the nusyrah (treating magical-induced disease with magic) by the help of a kyai in order to be safer? For information, this kyai is a kyai from NU (Nahdlatul Ulama, a large Islamic organization in Indonesia, -ed) and he treats people using some verses of the Qur’an, but he comes from another congregation.

Because when the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- was bewitched, Allah cured him when the knot was taken, and its whereabout was known through the divine revelation, but what about us? May Allah rewards you with plenty of goodnesses.

From :#####

Answer:

Wa’alaikum salam warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu.

May Allah ennoble you. Brother, may Allah soon grant your sister a recovery. It is true that if the knot (the source of witchcraft) could be taken and destroyed, it would be better and the recovery would be faster, as what happened to the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- when he was bewitched. But if it couldn’t be found, then it was enough for us to treat the patient with ruqyah using the verses of the Qur’an, and remembrances that the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- had taught us.

As for going to a shaman so that he could help in finding the magic knot, it is still not allowed to do. Because it is impossible for that shaman to find it but with the help of jinn too. And jinn would not help any human being except after the man agreed to commit infidelity to Allah. Allah the Exalted decreed, telling us about the saying of the jinn:

(وَأَنَّهُ كَانَ رِجَالٌ مِنَ الْأِنْسِ يَعُوذُونَ بِرِجَالٍ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَزَادُوهُمْ رَهَقاً) (الجـن:6)

“and that “some from among the humans used to seek protection of some among the jinn, and thus they increased the arrogance of the jinn”;” (Qs. 72:6)

Also, it is mentioned in a hadith that whoever went to a shaman, and justified what he said, then he has denied the divine revelation received by the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-. As the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

مَنْ أَتَى كَاهِنًا أَوْ عَرَّافًا فَصَدَّقَهُ بِمَا يَقُولُ فَقَدْ كَفَرَ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

“Whoever went to a shaman, or a soothsayer, and justified what he said, then he has denied what has been revealed to Muhammad -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-.” (Narrated by Ahmad, and classed as valid by Sheikh Al Albani in his book, “Shahih Al-jami’”, hadith no: 5939)

Brother, you need to know that some of the kyai – whom we believed hold firmly to the religion- do the things that are similar to the shamans. Thus, we should not value a thing based on its name, but based on its true core, because a poison would still be dangerous,  although we called it “milk”.

Don’t be fooled by some of them who tried to cover the their spells of satan with the verses from the Qur’an, or with some Arabic words, because this is how they deceive their clients.

My advice is;  try to find the knot at places that are presumed to be used as its storage, such as on the cupboard, or under the bed, or on trees around the house, etc, and pray to Allah to make it easier for you to find it, while at the same time keep reciting the suggested ruqya to the patient. And fear Allah, and ask for His forgiveness often, because Allah has promised to show the way out of problem for those who feared Him, Allah decreed,

(وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجاً) (الطلاق: من الآية2)

“Allah will find a way out for him who fears Allah,” (Qs. 65:2)

(وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ يُسْراً) (الطلاق: من الآية4)

Allah will create ease for him who fears Allah.” (Qs. 65:4)

If the knot was found, then we say, All praises be to Allah, but if it wasn’t yet, then don’t be desperate, and keep reciting the suggested ruqya to her, either directly or through the help of a cassette.

If Allah ordained recovery for her, then it is His mercy and grace, and if it didn’t happen, it was something that Allah wished according to a wisdom that only He knew about. Our obligation was only doing the efforts, while the result was all up to Allah.

And if a believer could be patient in enduring the trial that afflicted him, then that trial would be an expiation for his sins or something that raised his degree. The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said:

مَا يُصِيبُ الْمُؤْمِنَ مِنْ وَصَبٍ وَلَا نَصَبٍ وَلَا سَقَمٍ وَلَا حَزَنٍ حَتَّى الْهَمِّ يُهَمُّهُ إِلَّا كُفِّرَ بِهِ مِنْ سَيِّئَاتِهِ

“A believer doesn’t afflicted with continuous illness, tiredness, disease, and sadness, until his anxiety, but Allah will erase by it some of his evil doings.” (Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim).

It is better for us to be patient for a while, to get an eternal happiness, rather than getting a temporary happiness that costs us our beliefs.

We pray to Allah, by His most beautiful names, and greatest attributes, to cure our sick brothers and sisters. Verily, He is the All-Hearing, and Granter of the prayers.

And guidance comes from Allah.

Answered by: Ustadz Abdullah Roy, MA.

The Story of A Person Who Repented

The Story of A Person Who Repented

Allah the Exalted decreed,

قُلْ يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَى أَنفُسِهِمْ لا تَقْنَطُوا مِن رَّحْمَةِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

“Tell them, (O Prophet): “My servants who have committed excesses against themselves, do not despair of Allah’s Mercy. Surely Allah forgives all sins. He is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (QS. Az-Zumar/The Troops: 53)

From Buraida, he said,

أَنَّ مَاعِزَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ الْأَسْلَمِيَّ أَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي قَدْ ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَزَنَيْتُ وَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ تُطَهِّرَنِي, فَرَدَّهُ. فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنْ الْغَدِ أَتَاهُ فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي قَدْ زَنَيْتُ فَرَدَّهُ الثَّانِيَةَ. فَأَرْسَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَقَالَ: أَتَعْلَمُونَ بِعَقْلِهِ بَأْسًا تُنْكِرُونَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا, فَقَالُوا: مَا نَعْلَمُهُ إِلَّا وَفِيَّ الْعَقْلِ مِنْ صَالِحِينَا فِيمَا نُرَى. فَأَتَاهُ الثَّالِثَةَ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَيْضًا فَسَأَلَ عَنْهُ فَأَخْبَرُوهُ أَنَّهُ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ وَلَا بِعَقْلِهِ. فَلَمَّا كَانَ الرَّابِعَةَ حَفَرَ لَهُ حُفْرَةً ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِهِ فَرُجِمَ. قَالَ فَجَاءَتْ الْغَامِدِيَّةُ فَقَالَتْ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي قَدْ زَنَيْتُ فَطَهِّرْنِي, وَإِنَّهُ رَدَّهَا. فَلَمَّا كَانَ الْغَدُ قَالَتْ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لِمَ تَرُدُّنِي لَعَلَّكَ أَنْ تَرُدَّنِي كَمَا رَدَدْتَ مَاعِزًا فَوَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لَحُبْلَى. قَالَ: إِمَّا لَا, فَاذْهَبِي حَتَّى تَلِدِي. فَلَمَّا وَلَدَتْ أَتَتْهُ بِالصَّبِيِّ فِي خِرْقَةٍ قَالَتْ: هَذَا قَدْ وَلَدْتُهُ. قَالَ: اذْهَبِي فَأَرْضِعِيهِ حَتَّى تَفْطِمِيهِ, فَلَمَّا فَطَمَتْهُ أَتَتْهُ بِالصَّبِيِّ فِي يَدِهِ كِسْرَةُ خُبْزٍ فَقَالَتْ: هَذَا يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ قَدْ فَطَمْتُهُ وَقَدْ أَكَلَ الطَّعَامَ. فَدَفَعَ الصَّبِيَّ إِلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِهَا فَحُفِرَ لَهَا إِلَى صَدْرِهَا وَأَمَرَ النَّاسَ فَرَجَمُوهَا. فَيُقْبِلُ خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ بِحَجَرٍ فَرَمَى رَأْسَهَا فَتَنَضَّحَ الدَّمُ عَلَى وَجْهِ خَالِدٍ فَسَبَّهَا, فَسَمِعَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سَبَّهُ إِيَّاهَا فَقَالَ: مَهْلًا يَا خَالِدُ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَقَدْ تَابَتْ تَوْبَةً لَوْ تَابَهَا صَاحِبُ مَكْسٍ لَغُفِرَ لَهُ. ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِهَا فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهَا وَدُفِنَتْ

“Ma’iz Ibn Malik Al Aslami went to see the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- and said, “O Messenger of Allah, indeed, I’ve violated myself, because I’ve committed adultery, therefore, I’d like you to purify me.” But he rejected his confession. The next day, he (Ma’iz) came again and said, “O Messenger of Allah, truly, I’ve committed adultery.” But he still rejected his confession for the second time. Then the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- delegated someone to see his people and said, “Do you know if there’s something wrong with Ma’iz’s mind, that you deny?”. They replied,” We are not sure if Ma’iz is having a disturbed mind, as far as we know, he is a decent and sane man.”

For the third time, Ma’iz Ibn Malik came to see the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- to purify himself from the sin of adultery that he committed. Then the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- sent a person to his people to ask about the sanity of Ma’iz, but they told him that he was a sane and decent man. When Ma’iz Ibn Malik came for the fourth time to him, he ordered to make an execution hole for Ma’iz. Finally, he ordered people to execute the stoning punishment, and it was done.”

Buraida continued, “One day, there was a Ghamidiyya woman who came to see the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- and said, “O Messenger of Allah, I’ve committed adultery, therefore, please purify me.” But at the first time, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- ignored, even rejected her confession. The next day, the woman came to see the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- and said, “O Messenger of Allah, why do you reject my confession? It seems like you reject my confession as you’ve rejected Ma’iz’s confession. By Allah, now I am pregnant as the result of that affair.” Upon hearing that confession, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “If you still want to repent, then return to your home until you’ve delivered your baby.”

After she delivered her baby, the woman came again to him while carrying her baby that was wrapped in a cloth, saying, “This is the baby that I’ve delivered.” He (the Messenger of Allah, -ed) said, “Go back and breastfeed your baby until you’ve weaned it.” After she weaned her baby, the woman came again carrying her baby, while it grasping a piece of bread in its hand, then she said, “O Prophet of Allah, I’ve weaned this little baby, and it can enjoy its own food now.” Then he handed the baby to one of the muslims, and called to execute the stoning punishment. Finally, the woman was buried up to her chest.

After that, he ordered people to throw stones to her. Meanwhile, Khalid Ibn Walid joined the people in throwing the woman’s head with stone, and suddenly her blood was spattered to his face, and he instantaneously scolded her. Upon hearing Khalid’s words, the Prophet of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “Be calm, O Khalid, by He Who has my soul in His hand, verily, that woman has truly repented, and if that kind of repentance was done by an owner of al maks, certainly, his sins would be forgiven.” After that, he ordered people to pray the janaza prayer for her and bury her.” (Narrated by Muslim, hadith no. 1695).

The meaning of “Owner of al maks” is a person who takes people’s possession unjustly, such as those required to collect taxes and levies from the Muslims without any rights.

A brief explanation: It is already mentioned in the previous article about the virtue, requirement, and etiquette of repentance, because a muslim shouldn’t be desperate from Allah’s mercy. Even, the feeling of despair from Allah’s mercy is a major sin, and among the characteristics of the disbelievers, as Jacob said to his children, “My sons! Go and try to find out about Joseph and his brother and do not despair of Allah’s mercy. Verily only the unbelievers despair of Allah’s mercy.”(QS. Yusuf: 87)

Take a lesson from the companions -may Allah be please with them-, even though their faith and knowledge were high and they continued in heading towards the perfection, they weren’t the ones who were free of sins. Thus, none of them who committed a sin but would immediately confess to the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- and immediately returned to Allah and repented, even they didn’t hesitate to ask so that the hadd (law) was enforced on them (if the punishment of the sin was by hadd), to purify their sins. And it showed how strong their faith was to Allah and the honesty of their intention to repent.

The story of two companions above, also the story about the killer of 100 souls, and the story of Ka’b Ibn Malik and his two friends who were boycotted when they didn’t join the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- in the battle, and other stories, are a very precious lesson for those who come after them.

There are several morals that could be taken from the above story:

1. The hadd punishment could erase a person’s sin if he underwent it sincerely.

2. The compassion of the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- to his companions, when he tried at his best to hinder them from the hadd punishment. It was proven by his rejection of the confessions of the two companions at the beginning. But when they kept on repeating their confession, he then enforced the hadd punishment on them.

3. This story showed us that if a person committed adultery without any witnesses, or without anyone reporting it, then he should introspect himself: If he was afraid that he would commit the adultery for the second time, then he should report himself to receive the stoning punishment, but if he had truly repented and he was sure that he wouldn’t commit the adultery again, then he should hide his deed and do not report himself. This point is shown in another valid hadith.

4. The stoning punishment is compulsory to be done but the time of execution is left onto the decision of the authority. He might postpone it (not abort it) due to another benefit, for example, the wellbeing of the baby if the adulterer was pregnant.

5. Insane man who committed adultery shouldn’t be punished with hadd punishment, the reason is because the Prophet asked about Ma’iz’s sanity to his people.

6. From the fifth point too, we could comprehend that an Imam should gather detail and accurate information first before enforcing the hadd punishment.

7. Stoning is a punishment where the body of the adulterer (who has married) is buried in the earth up to his chest, then he is thrown (with stones) by the muslims.

8. It is not allowed to disgrace and insult people who has repented. This point is also shown in the famous story among the scholars, of a debate between Adam and Moses -peace be upon them-.

And Allah the Exalted is The Higher and The Wiser.

Author: Ustadz Abu Muawiyah
Article of www.whatisquran.com

How to Atone Our Sins?

How to Atone Our Sins?

Question:

Assalamualaikum Ustadz.

About 2 months ago, I contracted a disease but according to the physician there was nothing wrong with my body. Since that, I realized that I’ve done so many sins and it was probably the way Allah the Glorified and Exalted reminded me to repent from my sins. And all praises be to Allah, by reciting remembrances after every prayer, the disease was gradually getting better. Allah the Glorified and Exalted indeed truly being merciful and gave me a chance to repent.

Ustadz, what I’d like to ask is about how could I atone for my past sins?

From: Anna

Answer:

Wa’alaikumsalam warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

All praises be to Allah, who has given His guidance to us all. Likewise, Allah afflicted trial upon His slaves to remind them, and joys for those who were back to remind about it.

Among the ways to atone for sins is by doing sincere repentance (taubat nasuha). The scholars explained that the sincere repentance requires 4 things:

  1. Regret about what has passed.
  2. Abandon the sin.
  3. Intend not to repeat it in the future.
  4. Return the rights of others, if it was related to other people’s rights (such as stealing things from them, etc.)

Among expiation of sins is tawheed, because Allah will forgive our past sins as long as we do not worship any other deity beside Him. And we replace the sins we’ve committed with righteous deeds, according to examples set by the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- and we stay away from innovations in religion.

And we should try to find a pious teacher (ustadz) and friends who can give us advices and help us to be firm upon the straight path, and we should stay away from friends that can remind us about the past sin and persuade us to do it again.

Note: Reciting remembrances after prayer is a suggested deed in shari’a, but we shouldn’t believe that we got cured because of reciting those remembrances, since such belief needed to be supported by indication.

And Allah knows best.

Answered by: Ustadz Abdullah Roy, MA

Article of www.whatisquran.com

What Should we do for a Person who is about to die?

What Should we do for a Person who is about to die?

Question:

Assalamualaikum, Ustadz.

I’d like to ask, is there any deeds that we should do for our grandmother, who is now aged 80 years old and currently in critical condition? For this whole week, her grandchildren has been guiding her reciting “Laa ilaaha illallaah” and has been reciting the Qur’an for her, and we are all has sincerely let her go, so what else that we should do for her? Please give us an explanation. Wassalamualaikum

From: Abu Panji

Answer:

Wa’alaikumsalam warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu. May Allah grant us all the good end in our lives.

Firstly:

If it is possible, the family should advise her to repent, ask for Allah’s forgiven, be patient, accept the destiny, and think good to Allah. The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said:

لا يموتن أحدكم إلا وهو يحسن بالله الظن

“Let not one of you dies except by having good thought to Allah.” (Narrated by Muslim, from Jabir Ibn Abdillah Al-Anshary).

Secondly:

If she has any obligations to be settled to anyone, it should be settled or fulfilled immediately (for example: debt, mandate, etc). If it is not possible, then she should write or make a will regarding it.

Thirdly:

If possible, There should be a member of the family who stands by at her side, so if anytime she is about to die, he or she could ask or guide her to recite “laa ilaaha illallaah” (talqin).

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said:

لقنوا موتاكم لا إله إلا الله

“Guide those among you who are about to die (to recite) “Laa ilaaha illallaah.” (Narrated by Muslim, from Abu Sa’id Al Khudry).

He -may peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- also said:

 

من كان آخر كلامه لا إله إلا الله دخل الجنة

 

“Whoever, whose last words is “laa ilaha illa” will go to heaven.” (Narrated by Abu Daud, from Mu’adz Ibn Jabal, and classed as valid by Sheikh Al Albany).

 

Fourthly:

 

Pray for her many times to get the good end, particularly at the time of her last breath, and do not say anything except good things at that time.

 

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said:

 

إذا حضرتم المريض أو الميت فقولوا خيرا فإن الملائكة يؤمنون على ما تقولون

 

“If one of you are attending the sick, or the one who is about to die, then say the good things, because indeed, the angels are approving of whatever you say.” (Narrated by Muslim, from Umm Salama).

 

As for reciting the Qur’an, or chapter Yaa sin, when someone is about to die, then there is no valid hadith regarding this deed.

 

And Allah knows best.

 

Answered by: Ustadz Abdullah Roy, Lc.

 

Article of www.whatisquran.com

 

The saying “By my father and mother”, is it considered as an oath?

The saying “By my father and mother”, is it considered as an oath?

Question:

Assalamualaikum.

Ustadz, may Allah bless you,  i have a question that I haven’t been able to find the answer for it up until now. That is; as we know that an oath must only performed using the name of Allah. But what about the oath that was uttered by Abu Bakr, when he said, “By my father and mother.” Then how could we differentiate between the oaths above? May Allah reward you with goodnesses.

From: Mukhlish Abu Dzar Al-Batawy

Answer:

Wa’alaikumsalam warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu. May Allah bless you too.

The saying of “بابي و امي” is not included as an oath, rather, it is a sentence that the Arabs used to utter their depth of love to a person and the greatness of his position. (See: Al-Minhaj Syarh Shahih Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj, An-Nawawy 15/184).

The origin of this sentence was: أنت مَفْدِيٌّ بأبي وأمي or فَدَيْتُكَ بأبي وأمي which means: I will redeem you with my father and mother (that is if something bad happened), then it was abbreviated into: بابي و امي , since it has been frequently used and since it is already known about the people that is meant in the sentence. (See: An-Nihayah fii gharibil Hadist wal Atsar, Ibn al Atsir 1/20 by. Dar Ihya At-Turats Al-’Araby, and Lisanul ‘Arab, Ibn Mandhur page 17 published by Darul Ma’arif,)

Thus, if you’d like to translate it, then you should translate it completely, “I will redeem you with my father and my mother,” or, “My father and mother be your ransom,” etc, and not “By my father and my mother”, which means an oath.

And Allah knows best.

Answered by: Ustadz Abdullah Roy, Lc.

Article of www.whatisquran.com

Is the Bridge (Shirath) as thin as a hair that is parted into seven parts?

Is the Bridge (Shirath) as thin as a hair that is parted into seven parts?

Question:

Ustadz, is it true that there is an indication that mentioned that the Bridge as “shirothol mustaqim”, and that it is as thin as a hair that is parted to seven parts?

From: Waldi, Pontianak

Answer:

The bridge (shirath) is a bridge that will be stretched upon the hell, towards the Paradise. All human being will walk on it, according to their deeds; some will fall into the Hell, Some will pass through it swiftly, and some will pass slowly.

It is called as “Ash Shirath” in a hadith from Abu Huraira -may Allah be pleased with him- :

فيُضربُ الصِّراطُ بين ظهرانَي جهنَّم….

“Then Ash Shirath (the bridge) is stretched upon the inferno…” (Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim).

And in another hadith:

وتُرسَلُ الأمانةُ والرَّحم، فتقومان جنبَتَي الصِّراط يميناً وشمالاً

“And the mandate and the kinship are sent, and they stand at the two edges of Ash Shirath…” (Narrated by Muslim).

It is narrated that Ash Shirath is more delicate than a hair and sharper than a sword, as said by Abu Sa’id al Khudry -may Allah be pleased with him-:

بلغني أن الجسر أدق من الشعرة وأحد من السيف

“It reached me that this bridge (Ash Shirath) is more delicate than a hair, and sharper than a sword.” (Narrated by Imam Muslim, 1/167)

As for the naming of “Ash Shirath” as the bridge of shirathal mustaqim, as for the word “mustaqim”, I don’t know where does it come from, likewise the attributing of Ash Shirath as it is as a hair that is parted into seven parts, I also don’t know about indications that support it.

As a result, a muslim is supposed to be satisfied with the informations stated within the Qur’an and the sunnah, whether it is about the name or the character of that Bridge.

And Allah knows best.

Answered by: Ustadz Abdullah Roy, MA 

Article of www.whatisquran.com

 

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